Following French military intervention in Mali in 2013, terrorist attacks in West Africa have escalated in retaliation. The risk to French assets is further heightened due the likely French response, at home and abroad, to recent attacks in Paris and Nice. There is a high threat from terrorism and kidnap aimed at Western targets, particularly in Mali, Burkina Faso and Côte d’Ivoire. Likely targets are locations frequented by foreigners, with a lower but still notable threat to foreign commercial assets and personnel. There is potential for future attacks to create wider regional instability Download the report.