Libya: The final piece of Haftar’s puzzle

Date first published: 16/4/2019 Key sectors: oil & gas; all Key risks: political stability; security; confiscation and expropriation; war on land 14 April came and went without Libya’s National Conference. The two-day conference dedicated to reconciliation was to be held in Ghadamis, a town on the nexus of the Tunisian, Libyan and Algerian borders, but...

Tonga: A litmus test for democracy

Date first published: 2/4/2019 Key sectors: all Key risks: political stability Recent developments in Tonga have thrown the political landscape into renewed tumult. On 26 March, King Tupou VI referred government corruption allegations to the Ombudsman Commission, the Attorney General’s office and the Police Commissioner for further investigation. The allegations were contained in petitions submitted...

Russia-Turkey: Dangerous liaisons

Date first published: 26/3/2019 Key sectors: defence; energy Key risks: sanctions In 2017 Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan agreed a US$2.5bln purchase Russia’s S-400 missile defence. The long-range anti-aircraft missile system is capable of destroying medium range cruise and ballistic weapons as well as on-ground targets. Turkey aims to deploy the system by October 2019...

Peru: Political violence and operational disruption

Date first published: 14/3/2019 Key sectors: mining; hydrocarbon; commercial; cargo transport Key risks: disruptive strikes; business interruption; civil unrest Peru is a consolidated example of the pervasive effects brought about by the links between political violence and operational disruption. The mining and hydrocarbon sectors continue to demonstrate that one can cause the other, and vice...